Overview: The purpose of this unit is to study the history and culture of the first people who
inhabited and continue to live in Vermont and New Hampshire, the Abenaki.
- The Abenaki have lived in the area we now call Vermont and New Hampshire for at least 12,000 years.
- This area is the Abenaki homeland.
- There are many Abenaki place names in Vermont and New Hampshire.
- From first contact to the American Revolution, Abenakis and Europeans sometimes cooperated with each other and sometimes fought.
- European settlement of Vermont and New Hampshire increased continually and the Abenaki tried to maintain control of their lands.
- Europeans eventually prevailed over the Abenaki and took control of their lands.
- Today, the Abenaki have reasserted their identity as the longstanding inhabitants of Vermont and New Hampshire.
- Why do groups of people come into conflict with each other?
- How are Native American and Euro-American cultures different?
- How was traditional Abenaki society organized and how did the Abenaki live?
- How is the landscape central to Abenaki culture, stories, and history?
- Why did the Abenaki and European and American settlers come into conflict?
- Why did Americans in Vermont and New Hampshire come to believe that the Abenaki had disappeared from these states?
- How do Abenaki people live today?
- Freedom and Unity: The First People
- New Hampshire History Slideshows: The French, the Indians, and the English: Trouble in Colonial New Hampshire