Wednesday, May 27, 2020

Summer 2020 Online Course

Creating C3 Inquiries for Students

Dates & Times:
June 23, 25 and July 9            Zoom sessions: 7:00 – 8:30 p.m.
July 10 - 24                             Asynchronous discussions
August 1                                 Final Project Due

This is a methods course for teachers in grades 5 - 12 to work with the C3 Inquiry Framework developing compelling questions, identifying and investigating primary sources, applying disciplinary concepts and tools, and sharing new understandings. Participants develop a full inquiry project or a series of inquiry-based lessons on a topic of their choice for their students. This is course will be delivered in a mixed format of in-person Zoom sessions, independent work, and individual mentoring through scheduled office hours.

Registration Fee (includes 3 graduate credits from Castleton University): $975

Click Here to Register

Required Readings/Texts:

      Nokes, Barriers to Historical Thinking
      Swann, Grant and Lee,  Questions that Compel and Support

Course Schedule:

June 23: Engaging Students in Inquiry and Asking Questions
Zoom Session: 7:00 – 8:30 p.m.
Overview of the Inquiry Method
Developing Compelling Questions

Independent Work: Identify a topic for your students to investigate; develop a list of scaffolded skills your students will be working on and an appropriate summative assessment.

June 25: Historical Thinking Skills and Tools
Zoom Session: 7:00 – 8:30 p.m.
Finding primary sources online and in your community
Developing historical thinking skills with primary sources
Independent Work: Find relevant primary sources that provide the evidence students will need for your summative assessment. Course instructors will be available during office hours to assist in finding sources and consider the skills students will need to analyze them.
July 9: Work-in-Progress Session
Zoom Session: 7:00 – 8:30 p.m.
            Participants present work-in-progress with structured feedback

July 10 – 24 On-Line Asynchronous Session Taking Action
Final discussion of projects and brainstorm for supporting students in taking action


  1. Actively participates in all in-person sessions (20%)
  2. Completes all independent work between in-person sessions (40%)
  3. Final Project                Due August 1, 2020 (40%)


Final Project Instructions:

1) Develop an inquiry for your students that includes a compelling question, summative assessment, and the primary sources and supportive materials students will need to complete the inquiry. See rubric at end of this document.


2) Choose a dimension within the C3 framework and identify the skills your students will develop and an appropriate summative assessment.  Include primary sources and supportive materials students will need to successfully explore the identified skills.

Saturday, February 1, 2020

2020 Summer Institute

The Past is Present
Flow of History Summer Institute, 2020

Due to Covid-19, the institute has been postponed. More information will be coming by early April.

June 22-25, 2020
Grafton, VT

How do communities help people in need?
How does human activity affect the natural and built environment?
What are ways people stand up for what they believe in?
Who has immigrated to our communities? How welcoming have we been?

During the four days we will work with these questions and along the way explore how nearby history can shed light on contemporary issues. Topics to explore include:

Welfare and Poverty
Climate Change
Social Activism

During the week we will practice discussion protocols and activities that support development of transferrable skills, including clear and effective communication, informed and integrative thinking, and responsible and involved citizenship.

Registration Fees:

This is a 4-day residential institute held at the Grafton Inn. Meals and the cost of single-room lodging at the Grafton Inn are included in the $900 registration fee. 
Commuter registration fee is $600. 
Graduate credit (3 credits) is available from Castleton State University for an additional $425. Limited scholarships are available. 

Register at:

Many thanks to the support and partnership of The Windham Foundation.

Wednesday, August 21, 2019

1st Wednesday Book Discussions and Dinners

Confronting Social Inequalities

Join Flow of History for an after-school book discussion followed by an evening talk that further illuminates the topic. Choose from three different dates and locations. These workshops are aligned with First Wednesday programs sponsored by the Vermont Humanities Council and in collaboration with Vermont Alliance for the Social Studies.

Each session will include a reading and discussion component, as well as a short primary source inquiry. A light dinner will be provided, with the evening speakers invited to join workshop participants as available. See below for the list of dates and locations with the associated reading and evening presentation. Workshops run from 4:00 - 6:30 p.m. and include dinner. The First Wednesday talks begin at 7 p.m.

Books will be mailed to participants upon registration.

November 6; St. Johnsbury, VT 

Teacher Workshop Time:
4:00 - 6:30 p.m. (including dinner)

Workshop Location:
St. Johnsbury Athenaeum, 1171 Main Street

Book: Richard Rothstein, The Color of Law. Learn how American cities became racially divided as federal, state and local governments systematically imposed policy-driven residential segregation.

First Wednesday Talk: "The Racially Fragmented City" with Richard Wright.  America’s growing diversity is changing its ethnic and racial demography for decades to come, with significant implications for human geography. Dartmouth professor Richard Wright discusses emerging patterns of diversity and segregation on national, state, and local levels.

December 4; Montpelier, VT

Teacher Workshop Time: 
4:00 - 6:30 p.m. (including dinner)

Workshop Location: Kellogg-Hubbard Library, 135 Main Street

Book: Bryan Stevenson, Just Mercy (YA edition)
"Just Mercy is every bit as moving as To Kill a Mockingbird. [It] demonstrates the extent to which brutality, unfairness, and racial bias continue to infect criminal law in the United States."

First Wednesday Talk: "Policing and Community in Vermont" with Brandon del Pozo. Burlington Police Chief Brandon del Pozo explores issues of criminal justice, health, and safety in the Queen City, and how citizens and police can work together innovatively to create safer and healthier communities.

March 4: Norwich, VT

Teacher Workshop Time: 
4:00 - 6:30 p.m. (including dinner)

Workshop Location: Norwich Historical Society, 277 Main Street

Book: Katherine Paterson, My Brigadista Year, the story of a Cuban teenager who volunteers for a national literacy campaign to teach others how to read.

First Wednesday Talk: "Read to Live" with Katherine Paterson. National Book Award winner Katherine Paterson speaks on the importance of literacy and developing a love for reading which was the inspiration for her latest novel My Brigadista Year.

Registration Fee:
$75 for single workshop (includes dinner and a copy of the book); First Wednesday talks are free


In collaboration with:

Wednesday, August 7, 2019

C3 Historical Inquiry Course

Helping Students Construct Understanding: a C3 Inquiry Course

The Inquiry method teaches students how to ask and investigate important social studies questions. Those skills are necessary for students to develop the critical thinking skills that are the foundation for engaged citizenship.

This course will focus on the first two dimensions of the C3 framework: Asking Questions and Applying Disciplinary Concepts. We will provide ample opportunity for participants to try activities that encourage students in thinking routines that support historical questioning and analysis.

Primary sources will be drawn from the women's suffrage movement. Embedded in the day-long session will be opportunities for participants to develop their own inquiry or part of an inquiry on a topic of their choice that connects to their curriculum. The first after-school session will be a work-in-progress session. The second session will feature completed projects.

Dates and Times:
February 6: 8:30 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.
March 12: 4:00 - 5:30 p.m.

Location: Norwich Historical Society, 277 Main Street, Norwich, VT
Registration Fee: $350
1 graduate credit from Castleton University: $150

2019 Book Group

Jill Lepore looks at America through the lens of the promises America has made to itself, and whether we've kept them. 

This six-session book discussion program will explore the question that forms the heart of this book: Has America lived up to the ideals of the founders of this country? How do "these truths" measure up to the "course of events?" This book offers a great launching point for innovative thinking about how we teach history.

Each session will include related primary sources to connect to the U.S. history curriculum.

Session 1: The origins of the American Experiment
Session 2: The Constitution, Slavery, and Representative Government
Session 3: Who are "the People"?: Race, Gender, Citizenship, and Populism
Session 4: Modernization: Industrialism, a Communications Revolution, and an Unfinished Reckoning with Race
Session 5: "The Machine," the "Great Acceleration," and Postwar Anxieties
Session 6: Conservatism vs. Liberalism: How American Society Became Polarized Again

Location: Hartford Middle School, Hartford, Vermont
Dates and Times: Thursdays, 4:00 - 6:00 p.m.
       October 24, November 21, December 12, January 23, February 13, March 26

Location: Randolph High School, Randolph, Vermont
Dates and Times: Tuesdays, 4:00 - 6:00 p.m.
       October 22, November 19, December 10, January 21, February 11, March 24

Registration Fee:  $350 -including book.
1 Graduate Credit through Castleton University: $150

Register Online Here

Tuesday, December 18, 2018

2019 Summer Institute

History, Race, and Inclusive Education

June 25 - 28, 2019
Grafton, Vermont
Social Justice Graphic Organizer 

How do we have courageous conversations about race?

How do our own perceptions of identity influence our teaching?

How do we use history to prompt meaningful discussions about race and identity with students?

How do we help students become empathetic leaders and agents of change?

During the four days we will work with these questions and along the way explore stories that connect the enduring human condition to lessons that can be applied today. Historical sources will be drawn from:
  • The Underground Railroad
  • Vermont's African American Heritage Trail
  • Daisy Turner's Family History in Grafton, VT
  • Monuments and Memorials in our Communities
We will focus on numerous discussion protocols to support courageous conversations around challenging topics like race and diversity. All teaching levels are welcome, although it is most suited toward middle and high school curricula.

Registration Fees:
This is a 4-day residential institute held at the Grafton Inn. Meals and the cost of lodging at the Grafton Inn are included in the $750 registration fee (Single room + $150). Commuter registration fee is $550. Graduate credit is available from Castleton State University.

Note: Due to contracts with the Inn and food vendors, there are no refunds after May 12.


Tuesday, December 11, 2018

Summer Field Study 2019

Reading and Writing about History with Natalie Kinsey-Warnock

July 9 - 12, 2019

"I feel as if I’ve been given the key to a locked box of town treasures. My town is so rich in history but I didn’t know how to locate and interpret the resources that are so readily available. I can’t wait to introduce them to my students."

Join Flow of History and author Natalie Kinsey-Warnock for four days of historical investigations and writer workshops that will help your students get excited about writing history and narratives.

We'll follow the C3 Framework as we investigate old maps, photographs, the census, paintings, and artifacts. Experience a one-room schoolhouse lesson in a one-room schoolhouse, learn old-fashioned games, and bring old photographs to life creatively.

See the full schedule at the Field Study website

This is a commuter program in Norwich, Vermont.
  • Registration Fee: $550
3 graduate credits are available from Castleton State University: $425

Register Now